Heathland on Box Head
On the poor soils and exposed aspect of Box Head is found the most varied plant community on the peninsula. In addition to a range of tree species found elsewhere in the area, there are many shrubs, herbs and grasses that have adapted to this specific environment and are rare elsewhere. It is predominantly heathland. Heath is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils. Any trees present are stunted compared to specimens growing in open forests. Heaths are fragile environments, easily damaged by human settlement and even bushwalkers. Almost all the heathland remaining in the greater Sydney region is protected in National Parks.